There are different treatment options for gum disease. In some cases, a surgical procedure is the most appropriate treatment for some patients. Gum surgery recovery may be varied depending on the person’s condition and the method performed. It is crucial to allow your gums to heal after surgery. That is why you must follow your dentist’s instructions to avoid any complications and promote a quick healing process.
Gum Disease: What is It?
Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissues. Usually, it occurs because of poor brushing and flossing habits. In its serious phase, gum disease can lead to bleeding gums, excruciating biting issues, and even losing a tooth.
You may experience the following symptoms once you have gum disease.
- Red or swollen gums
- Bad breath or awful taste that will not disappear
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Painful chewing
- Gum recession
- Changes in the way you bite
- Changes in the way partial dentures fit your mouth
Certain factors can increase the danger of gum disease.
- Poor oral hygiene
- Crooked teeth
- Underlying immuno-deficiencies like AIDS
- Taking medications that result in dry mouth
- Bridges that do not fit appropriately
- Damaged fillings
- Female hormonal changes like using oral contraceptives or getting pregnant
What is Gum Surgery?
Gum surgery or periodontal surgery might be necessary to treat particular gum disease stages, such as gingivitis or periodontitis. This type of surgical procedure is commonly called gum surgery.
The technique aims to address the gum disease and any harm it might have brought about by:
- preventing tooth loss
- regrowing harmed bones and tissues
- decreasing gum spaces between teeth
- eradicating bacteria and infection
- restructuring the jaw hone to bring down the danger for bacterial growth in bone cleft
Different Types of Gum Surgery
The treatment that a dental surgeon will perform may rely upon the gum disease’s kind and severity.
Before proceeding to the actual treatment, a dental surgeon may give the gums a deep clean procedure. One strategy known as deep scaling can remove bacteria and tartar from teeth and gums.
Another technique known as root planing can smooth the layers of a tooth root, implying fewer places for bacteria and tartar to develop. Also, this treatment eliminates any tartar that is on the root. Usually, the dentist performs the deep scaling and root planing at the same time.
Pinhole Surgical Technique
This technique is a minimally invasive option to treat gum recession. Unlike gum grafting, the pinhole surgical technique starts by making a tiny hole in the gum tissue that is withdrawing. The dentist will place a device into the small opening once he created a pinhole. Using the device, the dentist will peel and stretch the gum into a better and more suitable position on the tooth.
When the gum tissue is in the ideal position, a dentist implants collagen strips into the tiny hole in the gums. These strips do not need stitches to keep the gums in a place like what uses in soft-tissue grafting. With this technique, the gums will be in place in a more negligibly obtrusive manner and help to make new tissue that will ultimately secure the gums in their new area.
This type of gum surgery is beneficial for individuals who have tartar deposits in deep pockets. The process includes lifting the gums off of the teeth to eliminate tartar formation.
Once the surgeon cleaned the region and took out the tartar, they stitch the gums into the proper position to fit around the teeth. Some of the time, the bone may need restructuring during this strategy.
Bone grafting is suitable for people who have damaged or destroyed bone around the root of the tooth. This method includes replacing the harmed bone with new bone. This bone might be the individual’s bone, a fabricated bone, or donated bone.
The objective of this treatment is to support the tooth in place and help it to rebuild.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
In guided tissue regeneration, a surgeon will insert a small piece of mesh-like material between an individual’s gum tissue and bone. The material keeps the gum from developing into space where bone should be, permitting the bone and connective tissue to redevelop.
The loss of gum tissue causes gum recession. This condition may require soft tissue grafting to diminish the danger of further damage.
In tissue grafting, a dental surgeon typically eliminates tissue from one part of the body and re-joins it to space where the gum has retreated. Usually, the tissue comes from the top of the mouth.
This gum surgery diminishes the danger of further damage as well as covers any uncovered roots.
Other Treatment Alternatives
- Laser therapy: Some dentists use laser therapy to diminish the size of pockets and reestablish harmful connective tissue.
- Tissue-stimulating proteins: This techniques involves applying a protein-containing gel to stimulate bone and tissue development.
Preparation for Gum Surgery
Before conducting gum surgery, a dentist will do a pre-operative test to ensure it is safe to have a surgical procedure.
During this period, the dentist will probably:
- take a medical background review and do a test
- check the mouth, teeth, and jaw for health and stability
- check for any abscesses, infections, or other sores that could make interfere in the healing process
- discuss the dangers and advantages of the operation, and get consent to move forward with the procedure
What Occurs During Gum Surgery?
Depending on the kind of surgery, a range of things may happen. Most gum surgical operations take around 2 hours to finish.
Sometimes, the operation will require an individual to be asleep or partially conscious during the method.
Other times, the procedure only includes the application of a local anesthetic to numb the gums. Some people may find the injection mildly uncomfortable.
During the process, the dental surgeon uses sterile gear, such as instruments and drapes, to bring down the danger of complications.
Once the dentist made a small cut or opening along the gum line, they will lift the gums away from the teeth. This condition will let the dentist check the roots better to eliminate and clean away any plaque, tartar, or infection.
After the deep cleaning, the surgeon can make other methods, like bone regeneration, gum reshaping procedures, or different arranged strategies.
When the arranged dental surgery is complete, the dental surgeon will sew the gums up once again into the right spot. After that, the dentist will schedule you for another visit to remove the stitches.
Gum Surgery Recovery
After any dental treatments, a dentist will give detailed guidelines on the best way to achieve the ideal healing process. The period for gum surgery recovery will rely upon the degree of the procedure taking place.
Naturally, individuals will require pain relief medicines in the days after the surgery. The dentist will talk to the patient about any suggested medications before leaving the workplace or surgical clinic.
Furthermore, the dentist may advise:
- applying an antiseptic mouthwash to maintain the area clean and to prevent infection
- eating soft foods soon after the procedure
- avoiding vigorous activity
- not smoking
The dentist will also advise you to return to the office for 1–2 weeks’ time. In this meeting, the dentist will see how the gums are mending and, whenever required, eliminate any stitches.
An individual’s gums will look and feel different after a surgical procedure. The gums and teeth will recover, tighten, and become stronger and firmer. Some individuals may have tooth sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures and may discover alleviation using desensitizing toothpaste.
If you do not want to undergo gum surgery recovery or get any dental surgery, then be consistent with proper oral hygiene practice. A regular visit to your dentist is necessary to keep up excellent oral health in the future.